Inspectie Ontwikkelingssamenwerking en Beleidsevaluatie

Renewable Energy: Access and Impact. A systematic literature review of the impact on livelihoods of interventions providing access to renewable energy in developing countries

Datum van publicatie: 

About 40% of the global population relies on
traditional use of biomass for cooking (i.e. the
three-stone fires) and heating their houses. The
United Nations has called for universal access to
modern energy (i.e. electricity and clean cooking
facilities) by 2030.

The objective of the systematic literature review
presented in this report is to provide a comprehensive
overview of evaluative literature and
reports regarding the impact of (renewable)
energy interventions on the livelihoods of
end-users, being either individuals, households or
communities in rural areas and the urban
periphery in developing and middle income
countries. The interventions encompass the use
of improved cooking stoves, biogas digesters,
solar home systems (including solar lamps), and
hydro powered mini-grids.

558 studies on the subject could be identified as
evaluations, out of which 66 finally qualified for
review. Conclusions are – amongst others – that
the impact of interventions in energy sources and
devices is determined by human behaviour rather
than by technological design features. And while
improved stoves and (renewable) electricity have
a positive impact on health, the impact on the
environment is at best modest. 


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